Basic Information about COVID-19
Today I want to talk about COVID-19; what is it, what the common symptoms are and some recommendations to prevent infection and spreading it.
What are Coronaviruses (CoV)?
According to WHO (World Health Organization), coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans. Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.
What are the symptoms?
According to the WHO, signs of infection include fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, multiple organ failure and even death.
Current estimates of the incubation period - the time between infection and the onset of symptoms - range from one to 14 days. Most infected people show symptoms within five to six days. However, infected patients can also be asymptomatic, meaning they do not display any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems.
What are the basic protective measures against the new coronavirus?
1. Wash your hands frequently, regularly and thoroughly with an alcohol-based hand rub or with soap and water.
2. Maintain at least 1-meter distance between yourself and other people specially if they are coughing.
3. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
4. Make sure that you and people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene, meaning covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
5. If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
6. Stay home if you feel unwell.
All the recommendations are according to the WHO.
National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.
PLEASE, make sure that you follow the instructions of your country government to protect yourself, your community and MOST IMPORTANTLY the elderly and vulnerable members of our society.
Are information above are retrieved from the WHO website. If you want to read more here are two interesting links: